Today, with an urgent need to fight for facts against those making profits politically and financially from the creation and sharing of fake news stories, we are sharing some basic information on how to spot fake and misleading news in addition to our guide.
FAKE NEWS TYPES
- Fake News: Sources that entirely fabricate information, disseminate disinformation and deceptive content, or grossly distort actual news reports.
- Misinformation: False information that is spread regardless of an intent to mislead.
- Disinformation: False claims and information and conspiracy theories that are spread with the intent to mislead.
For a clear explanation of the difference between misinformation and disinformation, see https://www.dictionary.com/e/misinformation-vs-disinformation-get-informed-on-the-difference/.
- DeepFakes: Use of video software to create events that never happened or distort a person’s statements for propaganda purposes or to discredit public figures for political gain.
- Satire: Sources that use humor, irony, exaggeration, ridicule, satire, and false information to comment on current events.
- State-sponsored News: Sources, particularly in repressive or authoritarian states, operating under government control that spread disinformation and misinformation. Propaganda.
- Junk Science: Sources that promote discredited conspiracy theories or scientifically false or unverifiable claims.
- Hate News: Sources that actively promote racism, misogyny, homophobia, and other forms of violence, bias, and exclusion.
- Clickbait: Sources that use exaggerated, misleading, or questionable headlines, social media descriptions, and/or images to generate traffic on a website.
- Political: Sources that provide generally verifiable information but only when it supports certain points of view or political goals.
- Credible: Sources that circulate news and information in a manner consistent with traditional and ethical practices in journalism. (Remember: even credible sources sometimes rely on clickbait-style headlines or occasionally make mistakes. No news organization is perfect, which is why a healthy news diet consists of multiple sources of information, especially sources that issue corrections on previous reporting).
Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts.“ –Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Newsweek, 25 August 1986
IFLA (the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) has created the following “How to Spot Fake News“ infographic based on FactCheck.org’s How to Spot Fake News report:
TECHNIQUES TO SPOT FAKE NEWS
Three quick tips for spotting lies and misinformation in the following video featuring University of Washington professors Carl Bergstrom and Jevin D. West :
Make a donation
Every donation we receive goes straight into the promotion of our content.